Introduction about Indian Mango
Mango is a fruit that originates from India. it has a long and rich history. You can find the name of the Mango in India “Upanishad” and “Puran”.
During ancient times, it was called “Rasala” or “Sahakara”. The Malayalam word for this Delicious food is “Maanga” but when the Portuguese came to Kerala this Delicious food became “Maango”.
There are many varieties of mangoes in India, such as Alphonso (Hapus), Dasheri, Langra, etc. According to the data, more than 1500 mango varieties are found in India.
In addition to being tasty, mangoes are also nutritious. They contain many vitamins and minerals, including vitamins K and C. Additionally, mangoes have antioxidant properties.
Besides being delicious and colourful, this food is also very good for the digestive system. Nowadays, Mangoes are easily available all season at your nearby supermarket.
Which are the Popular Mango Varieties in India?
Here we have listed 10 Popular mango varieties in India.
1. Alphonso/Hapus Mango
Alphonso or Hapus is one the Best Indian mangoes. It is one of the most expensive mango Varieties in India. Alphonso is named after a Portuguese Military expert in the 15th Century, Who used the grafting technique for the development of Varieties of Mango trees. This fruit is mainly found in the state of Maharashtra. Ratnagiri, Sindhudurga, Devgarh, and Raigarh are the districts where Alphonso is primarily grown.
Alphonso is very Creamy, Sweet, and Pulpy in texture. When it is ripe, it becomes Golden yellow with Saffron Tinge at the Top. Its normal weight is around 200- 400gms and it is Mainly found from April to June.
One of the famous fruits of India, Alphonso is exported to Japan, Korea, Europe, the USA, and Australia.
2. Dasheri Mango
Dasheri is another famous Mango in India. Dasheri Mango was found in Kakori in the Lucknow district of UP in the 18th Century. This Place has a mother plant of Dasheri, which is around 200 Years Old. In Uttar Pradesh, “Malihabad” is the largest Producer of Dasheri in India. With the grafting technique, this fruit is planted all over India.
This Mango is fiberless and has a long oval shape. Dasheri is Aromatic and Sweet. It is also known as “Choone Wala Aam” in the local language. It has yellow-green Skin, when it ripens it becomes golden yellow. Dasheri mango is available from April to June.
This Indian Mango cultivar is Popular in Hongkong, Singapore, the Philippines, Malaysia, and other South East countries.
Langara is also famous by the name of “Banarasi Langra”. It is primarily found in the Banaras or Varanasi Region. Langa mean Lame in Hindi. This aromatic Mango is named after a saint Who planted this Seed in this Home Ground. Instructed the Gardner to take care of It. When this seed has grown. The fruits’ taste was amazing and distinct. Saint was lame. Because of that, this mango Cultivar is named “Langra”.
This Mango is More aromatic and Sugary as compared to the other varieties of Indian mangoes. It becomes yellowish-brown in colour when it ripens. Sometimes it remains green while it is ripe. This fruit is cultivated at the end of July or August Month.
Langra the famous mango of India is exported to UK, UAE, and Singapore. Canada etc. Langra is produced in UP, BIHAR, Gujrat, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Orissa, etc. But the taste of Banarasi “Langra” is always people’s first choice.
4. Pairi/Payari Mango
Another Popular mango of Indians is Pairi. This is also known as “Raspuri” because of its Juicy Texture. It means “full of Juice”. Pairi has very Popular to make the special Indian Beverage “Aamras”.Aamras is a staple food of Gujarat. This oval shape sweet mango is generally found 4 to 5 inches long. It is one of those mango varieties which enter the market very early.
The fully ripened Pairi is reddish yellow. Very sweet. If it is not ripe properly, the taste would be sour. In terms of the amount of Juice, it can beat Alphonso also. Because of Its Juicy nature, this mango is used in Ice cream, yoghurt, juices, and jellies, etc.
Majorly cultivated in Karnataka, Konkan, and Maharastra Region. This mango is extremely popular in South India. It is largely grown in the old Mysore region. One of the Best Indian Mango Varieties to make many mango-flavoured dishes.
5. Badami Mango
Badami is famous mango from Karnataka. It is widely eaten in the North Karnataka region. The taste and Texture of Badami are similar to Alphonso’s. That’s why it is known as Alphonso of Karnataka. But from a Price Point of View Alphonso is always costlier than Badami. Badami Mango is sweet, and succulent. The season of this Indian Mango is from April to June. The colour of Ripen Badami is golden Yellow with a red tinge at the top of the fruit. Badami is Popularly grown in Gujarat, Maharashtra, and Karnataka states.
The size of Badami is small compared to Alphonso’s. Also, it has lighter yellow colour inside and outside compared to the alphonso mango. The skin of Badami can be eaten because it is very thin.
During the cultivation of Badami, it requires full sunlight and the distance between two Plant Should be 8-10 meters. Badami is exported to the USA, Canada, UAE, UK, etc.
6. Chaunsa Mango
Chaunsa is another Popular Mango Cultivar in India. This fruit is Equally famous in Pakistan too. Both countries produce a huge amount of Chaunsa for the world. Chaunsa is Introduced in India by Sher Shah Suri in 1500. The name of Chaunsa comes after when he was celebrating victory over Humayun In “Chausa” ( A place in Bihar). This fruit is Majorly grown in North India and Pakistan “Multan” And Rahim Yar Khan.
Chaunsa is an aromatic and fibreless fruit. This Juicy fruit is greenish-yellow in colour. It is not only delicious and tasty but good in nutrients also. The best season for this juicy pulpy fruit is from June to August. This is also known as “Sumer Bahist”.
Export of this fruit is done in the Middle East, Europe, Canada & United States. Honey Chaunsa, Sweet Chaunsa, and white Chunsa are some varieties of this Indian Mango
7. Himsagar Mango
Himsagar is a famous mango from West Bengal. Malda and Murshidabad are Popular places in West Bengal for Mangos. Murshidabad produced more than 100 Varieties of Indian mangoes. HimSagar Is the most popular Mango cultivar compared to all of them in terms of Money generation and taste.
Himsager is a medium-sized mango weighing around 200- 250 gms, also known as Champagne of Mangoes. “Khirsapati” is another famous name of this Variety. This pulpy, orange-yellow colour mango is majorly found in Bengal only. Himsagar is a thin-skinned and fibre-less mango. Mostly available in June in the market. The matchless sweetness of this Mango makes it one of the best mangos in India.
Himsagar is mostly exported to France, Tanzania, Mauritius, UAE, etc.
8. Mallika Mango
Mallika is the queen of Mango. This Hybrid mango is developed by Indian Agriculture Research Institute (IARI) in 1972. Mallika is a Hybrid of two Popular Mango varieties “Dassehri “ (Male Parent) and” Neelam “ (female parent). This fruit is Bigger. It is 35-40 % Bigger than Kesar Mango. It grows well in all kinds of climates.
Mallika is High-Quality Mangro Cultivar. This Orange colour mango is fiberless. It is sweet and Citrus in taste. The average weight of this Indian mango is 300g. Mallika is a Rich source of vitamin A. The season for the Mallika mango is from May to June in India. Mallika is Majorly Produced in Odisha and Jharkhand State.
9. Kesar Mango
Kear is Famous Mango In India. It is also popularly known as “Gir Kesar”. This Mango Cultivar is from Gujarat State. It is Majorly Grown in the “Girnar “Area of the state. Kesar is Orange Color and Pulpy Indian Mango. It has huge Popularity in Gujrat.
Kesar is first grown in 1931 by Junagadh wazir sale Bhai in Vanthali. Kesar Mango got its name because of its colour. This Saffron colour Mango is the 2nd most expensive Mango in India. Highly Cultivated in the Junagadh and Amrelin District of Gujrat.
Kesar mango is exported to Canada, the UK, France, UAE, etc.
10. Mulgoa Mango
Mulgoa is also Spelled as Malgoa or Malgoba. Another famous Mango from South India. Karnataka & Tamil Nadu is a popular state for Mulgoa mango cultivation. This big round shape mango has a curvy bottom. Skin colour is green with a red tinge. The Mulgoa is Produced in Salem, Dharmapuri, Krishnagiri, Palakkodu District of Tamil Nadu and Gujrat, Karnataka, and Andhra Pradesh. Salem Malgoaba is a famous Mango variety in India.
This Fiber less yellow delicacy is exported to Florida, Malaysia, and the USA. Malgoba is also a very important Indian Mango variety in terms of commercial benefit. This thick Skin Mango is good for Transportation. The average weight of the Pulpy mango is around 300-500 G.
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