Packaging plays a vital role in preserving the quality and safety of food products during transportation, storage, and distribution. The food packaging industry in India has witnessed significant growth over the years, driven by changing consumer preferences, advancements in technology, and increasing demand for convenience food. In this article, we will take a closer look at the food packaging industry in India, its current state, and future prospects.
Types of Food Packaging
Packaging may be classified based on its type of use, which is primary packaging, secondary packaging, tertiary packaging, and ancillary packaging.
- Primary Packaging:-Primary packaging refers to the packaging that comes into direct contact with the products, such as the bottle that holds a drink or the wrapper that holds a candy bar. Its main function is to protect the product from contamination, preserve its quality and freshness, and enhance its appearance and appeal to consumers. Primary packaging materials include plastic, glass, metal, paper, and cardboard.
- Secondary Packaging:-Secondary packaging is the packaging that is used to group and protect the primary packaging during transportation and storage. It may also contain additional information, such as product details, branding, and barcodes. Examples of secondary packaging include cardboard boxes, plastic bags, and shrink wraps. Its primary function is to ensure that the product reaches the end consumer in a safe and secure manner.
- Tertiary Packaging:-Tertiary packaging is the packaging that is used to transport and store large quantities of products, such as pallets and shipping containers. Its main function is to facilitate efficient and safe handling, storage, and distribution of products. Tertiary packaging materials include wooden crates, plastic pallets, and metal drums.
- Ancillary Packaging:-Ancillary packaging refers to the packaging that is used to hold and protect other components or accessories of a product, such as instruction manuals, warranty cards, and promotional materials. Its primary function is to ensure that these components reach the end consumer in a safe and secure manner. Examples of ancillary packaging include envelopes, pouches, and sleeves.
In summary, the different types of packaging based on their use are primary packaging (directly in contact with the product), secondary packaging (used to group and protect primary packaging), tertiary packaging (used for transportation and storage of large quantities of products), and ancillary packaging (used to hold and protect other components or accessories of a product).
Overview of the Food Packaging Industry in India:
Indian packaging market to grow at a CAGR of 12.60% during 2022-2027 driven by increasing demand from processed food, personal care, and pharmaceutical sectors. The industry has been a key driver of technology and innovation, contributing to various manufacturing sectors. Rising populations, increasing income levels, and changing lifestyles are anticipated to drive consumption across various industries, leading to higher demand for packaging product solutions.
- The Indian government announced the production-linked incentive (PLI) scheme in November 2021 to incentivize local manufacturing and improve exports in 10 sectors, including packaging.
- Atmanirbhar and structural reforms are expected to boost growth prospects for the packaging industry in India.
- The Indian Institute of Packaging (IIP) reported a nearly 200% increase in packaging consumption in India over the last decade.
The increasing penetration of the internet and television media is fueling the demand for packaged products in the rural sector.
Trends and Innovations in Food Packaging:
In recent years, the food packaging industry in India has witnessed several trends and innovations that have transformed the way food products are packaged and marketed. One of the key trends is the use of eco-friendly and sustainable packaging materials such as bioplastics, paper-based packaging, and compostable materials.
Another trend is the increasing demand for convenience and ready-to-eat food products, which has led to the development of innovative packaging solutions such as microwavable pouches, reportable trays, and shelf-stable packaging. The use of intelligent packaging technologies such as QR codes, RFID tags, and smart labels is also gaining traction, providing consumers with information about the product’s origin, ingredients, and nutritional value.
Challenges and Opportunities:
While the food packaging industry in India presents significant growth opportunities, it also faces several challenges, such as the lack of standardization in packaging materials, inadequate infrastructure for recycling and waste management, and the high cost of packaging equipment and technology. Moreover, the COVID-19 pandemic has disrupted global supply chains and increased the cost of raw materials and transportation, posing additional challenges for the industry.
However, there are also several opportunities for players in the food packaging industry in India, such as the increasing demand for sustainable and eco-friendly packaging solutions, the growth of e-commerce and online food delivery services, and the rising disposable income and changing lifestyle of consumers.
In conclusion, the food packaging industry in India is poised for growth, driven by changing consumer preferences, advancements in technology, and increasing demand for convenience food. The industry must embrace innovation, sustainability, and standardization to capitalize on the opportunities and overcome the challenges posed by the evolving market dynamics.