Food And Nutrition MCQ with Answers

This article collection of Food And Nutrition MCQ with Answers. Unlock your subject knowledge with these multiple-choice options.

30+ MCQ on the subject of Food and Nutrition with answers

In food and nutrition, we understand a wide range of topics including aspects of diet, its effects on health, and the science behind how our bodies use nutrients

1. Which nutrient is the primary source of energy for the body?
A) Carbohydrates
B) Proteins
C) Vitamins
D) Fats
Answer: A) Carbohydrates

2. Which vitamin is primarily obtained from sunlight?
A) Vitamin A
B) Vitamin D
C) Vitamin C
D) Vitamin E
Answer: B) Vitamin D

3. What is the main function of proteins in the body?
A) Providing energy
B) Building and repairing tissues
C) Regulating body temperature
D) Assisting in blood clotting
Answer: B) Building and repairing tissues

4. Which mineral is essential for healthy bones and teeth?
A) Iron
B) Calcium
C) Potassium
D) Magnesium
Answer: B) Calcium

5. Which nutrient helps in the proper functioning of the nervous system?
A) Vitamin B12
B) Vitamin K
C) Vitamin E
D) Vitamin C
Answer: A) Vitamin B12

Read More MCQ: Food and Agriculture Organization MCQ

6. Which food group is the best source of carbohydrates?
A) Fruits and vegetables
B) Meat and poultry
C) Grains and cereals
D) Dairy products
Answer: C) Grains and cereals

7. Which of the following is a good source of omega-3 fatty acids?
A) Olive oil
B) Avocado
C) Salmon
D) Peanut butter
Answer: C) Salmon

8. Which nutrient deficiency causes anemia?
A) Iron
B) Vitamin C
C) Vitamin K
D) Calcium
Answer: A) Iron

9 . Which of the following nutrients is required for proper vision?
A) Vitamin A
B) Vitamin D
C) Vitamin K
D) Vitamin E
Answer: A) Vitamin A

10. What is the main function of fibre in the diet?
A) Provides energy
B) Aids in digestion
C) Builds muscles
D) Regulates body temperature
Answer: B) Aids in digestion

11. Which mineral is essential for the proper functioning of muscles and nerves?
A) Iron
B) Potassium
C) Sodium
D) Zinc
Answer: B) Potassium

12. Which food group includes lentils, beans, and peas?
A) Dairy products
B) Meat and poultry
C) Vegetables
D) Grains and cereals
Answer: B) Meat and poultry

13. What is the primary function of antioxidants in the body?
A) Regulate blood sugar levels
B) Enhance immune function
C) Provide quick energy
D) Repair damaged cells
Answer: D) Repair damaged cells

14. Which vitamin is essential for the absorption of calcium?
A) Vitamin C
B) Vitamin D
C) Vitamin E
D) Vitamin K
Answer: B) Vitamin D

15. Which nutrient is the body’s main source of long-term energy storage?
A) Proteins
B) Carbohydrates
C) Fats
D) Vitamins
Answer: C) Fats

16. What is the role of calcium in the body?
A) Enhancing brain function
B) Strengthening bones and teeth
C) Improving vision
D) Boosting the immune system
Answer: B) Strengthening bones and teeth

17. Which vitamin is primarily found in citrus fruits like oranges and lemons?
A) Vitamin A
B) Vitamin B12
C) Vitamin C
D) Vitamin D
Answer: C) Vitamin C

18. Which nutrient is essential for the production of red blood cells?
A) Vitamin D
B) Vitamin K
C) Iron
D) Potassium
Answer: C) Iron

19. Which mineral helps in maintaining fluid balance in the body?
A) Iron
B) Sodium
C) Zinc
D) Calcium
Answer: B) Sodium

20. Which vitamin deficiency can lead to scurvy?
A) Vitamin A
B) Vitamin B12
C) Vitamin C
D) Vitamin D
Answer: C) Vitamin C

21. What is the function of carbohydrates in the body?
A) Build muscles and tissues
B) Provide quick energy
C) Aid in blood clotting
D) Maintain healthy bones
Answer: B) Provide quick energy

22. Which nutrient is crucial for the repair and growth of body tissues?
A) Fats
B) Proteins
C) Vitamins
D) Minerals
Answer: B) Proteins

23. Which mineral is essential for thyroid function and metabolism?
A) Iron
B) Iodine
C) Magnesium
D) Zinc
Answer: B) Iodine

24. Which vitamin is synthesized by the body when exposed to sunlight?
A) Vitamin A
B) Vitamin B12
C) Vitamin D
D) Vitamin K
Answer: C) Vitamin D

25. What is the primary function of fats in the body?
A) Regulation of body temperature
B) Providing energy
C) Strengthening bones
D) Assisting in blood clotting
Answer: B) Providing energy

26. Which nutrient is a major component of haemoglobin in red blood cells?
A) Iron
B) Calcium
C) Potassium
D) Magnesium
Answer: A) Iron

27. Which food group includes foods like spinach, kale, and broccoli?
A) Dairy products
B) Meat and poultry
C) Vegetables
D) Grains and cereals
Answer: C) Vegetables

28. What is the primary function of water in the body?
A) Providing energy
B) Regulating body temperature
C) Building muscles
D) Enhancing brain function
Answer: B) Regulating body temperature

29. Which vitamin is important for blood clotting?
A) Vitamin A
B) Vitamin B12
C) Vitamin K
D) Vitamin E
Answer: C) Vitamin K

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